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- Sales: €78.6bn (+33%)
- EBIT before special items: €7.8bn (+118%)
- Cash flows from operating activities: €7.2bn (+34%);
Free cash flow: €3.7bn (+63%)
- Proposed dividend of €3.40 per share for the 2021 business year
(2020: €3.30 per share)
- Sales of between €74bn and €77bn expected
- EBIT before special items of between €6.6bn and €7.2bn expected
- ROCE projected to be between 11.4% and 12.6%
- Anticipated CO2 emissions of between 19.6 million metric tons and 20.6 million metric tons
BASF Group significantly increased sales and earnings in the 2021 business year. "It was a strong and successful year for BASF,” said Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors, Dr Martin Brudermüller, who presented the BASF Report 2021 together with Chief Financial Officer Dr Hans-Ulrich Engel.
"We increased sales prices by 25% and volumes by 11%. All segments achieved price and volume growth in 2021,” said Brudermüller. BASF Group’s sales amounted to €78.6bn in 2021, 33% higher than in the previous year.
EBITDA before special items of €11.3bn in 2021 was higher by €3.9bn and EBITDA of €11.4bn exceeded the prior-year figure by €4.9bn.
At €7.8bn, income from operations (EBIT) before special items more than doubled compared with 2020. This represented an increase of 67% compared with the pre-pandemic level in 2019. BASF’s positive earnings development was mainly driven by the Chemicals and Materials segments. The Surface Technologies and Industrial Solutions segments also contributed considerably to the strong recovery.
Return on capital employed (ROCE) was 13.5%, after 1.7% in the previous year, and was significantly above the cost of capital rate of 9%. The increase in ROCE resulted mainly from the higher EBIT of €7.7bn in 2021, which was considerably above the prior-year level.
Additional costs due to rising energy prices in Europe
BASF’s automotive-related businesses continued to be negatively impacted by the semiconductor shortage. In 2021 and particularly in the fourth quarter, higher raw materials prices and increased energy and logistics costs also burdened the earnings development in all segments. For BASF’s European sites, the additional costs due to further increased natural gas prices in 2021 amounted to around €1.5bn. The fourth quarter of 2021 alone accounted for €0.8bn of this amount.
Brudermüller announced: "We will implement further substantial price increases in the coming months to pass on the significantly higher costs and improve our margins in the downstream businesses.” The established pricing procedures in these businesses lead to a delay in passing on costs.
BASF Group’s cash flow in full year 2021 and fourth quarter 2021
Cash flows from operating activities in 2021 amounted to €7.2bn, compared with €5.4bn in the previous year. The considerable increase was primarily due to the improvement in net income, which came in at €5.5bn. Free cash flow increased to €3.7bn in 2021 from €2.3bn in the previous year.
In the fourth quarter of 2021, cash flows from operating activities increased by €1.2bn to €3.3bn. Free cash flow came in at €1.8bn, an increase of 84% compared with the fourth quarter of 2020.
Sales and earnings development of BASF Group in fourth quarter 2021
BASF Group’s sales in the fourth quarter of 2021 rose by 24% versus the prior-year quarter to reach €19.8bn. "Despite the comparison with the strong prior-year quarter, BASF was able to increase volumes in all segments except for Materials in the fourth quarter of 2021,” said Chief Financial Officer Engel.
EBITDA before special items increased by around €100M to €2.2bn. EBITDA amounted to €2.3bn, compared with €2.0bn in the fourth quarter of 2020.
EBIT before special items was €1.2bn, compared with €1.1bn in the fourth quarter of 2020. EBIT came in at €1.2bn in the fourth quarter of 2021, compared with €932M in the fourth quarter of 2020.
Proposed dividend of €3.40 per share
At BASF’s Annual Shareholders’ Meeting this year, the Board of Executive Directors and the Supervisory Board will propose to pay a dividend of €3.40 per share, an increase of 10 cents. In total, BASF would pay out €3.1bn based on the number of shares at the end of the year. "With our dividend proposal, the BASF share offers an attractive dividend yield of 5.5% based on the share price at the end of 2021,” Brudermüller said.
Achievement of non-financial goals
BASF aims to reduce its absolute CO2 emissions by 25% by 2030 compared with the baseline 2018. In 2021, the CO2 emissions amounted to 20.2M metric tons – a decrease from the 20.8M metric tons emitted in 2020. "This decline is remarkable given the strong growth in volumes,” said Brudermüller.
Much earlier than planned, BASF achieved its target of €22bn in sales by 2025 with products that make a substantial sustainability contribution in the value chain. Sales of these Accelerator products amounted to €24.1bn in 2021. "We will therefore adjust this portfolio steering target in the course of 2022,” Brudermüller said.
Investments in growth projects
BASF’s planned capital expenditures of €25.6bn between 2022 and 2026 are €2.7bn higher than in the previous planning period from 2021 to 2025. "The main reasons for this are our two major growth projects: the new Verbund site in Zhanjiang and our battery materials activities,” said Hans-Ulrich Engel. "These two projects are key to drive BASF’s future growth,” he added.
Investments in BASF’s existing business remain stable at an average level of €2.6bn per year. Engel announced BASF would be very disciplined with the investments required to maintain and profitably grow these businesses. "This will enable us to fund the growth projects with an average of also roughly €2.6bn per year. Capex for our growth projects will peak in 2024,” said Engel. For 2022, BASF plans total capital expenditures of €4.6b, compared with €3.4bn in 2021. The annual budget for research and development activities amounts to around €2.1bn.
BASF Group outlook for 2022
"We have had a very strong start to the year, with January 2022 figures above the prior-year month,” said Martin Brudermüller looking ahead to the current business year.
BASF expects global economic growth of 3.8% to be somewhat more moderate in 2022 following the very strong recovery in 2021. "As order backlogs in industry are high, we expect global industrial production to grow by 3.8% and chemical production by 3.5%,” Brudermüller said. BASF anticipates an average oil price of US$75 for a barrel of Brent crude and an exchange rate of US$1.15 per euro.
Based on these assumptions, BASF is forecasting sales of between €74bn and €77bn for 2022. The company expects the BASF Group’s income from operations (EBIT) before special items to be between €6.6bn and €7.2bn. ROCE should be between 11.4% and 12.6%. CO2 emissions are expected to be between 19.6M metric tons and 20.6M metric tons in 2022.
BASF’s forecast ranges take into account uncertainty resulting in particular from the effects of ongoing supply chain disruptions, the further course of the coronavirus pandemic and the development of energy prices.